Neuroscience Articles


Phillips JM, Afrasiabi M*, Kambi NA*, Redinbaugh MJ, Steely S, Johnson ER, Cheng X, Fayyad M, Caris A, Mohanta S, Mikell CB, Mofakham S, Saalmann YB (preprint) Primate thalamic nuclei select abstract rules and shape prefrontal dynamics. bioRxiv (*denotes equal contributions)

Mohanta S, Cleveland DM, Afrasiabi M, Rhone AE, Górska U, Cooper Borkenhagen MJ, Sanders RD, Boly M, Nourski KV, Saalmann YB (preprint) Traveling waves shape neural population dynamics enabling predictions and internal model updating. bioRxiv

Li Y, Zhang B, Wang J, Saalmann YB, Afrasiabi M, Wang H, Shi C, Xiang H, Wang M, Luan G, Knight RT, Wang L (submitted) Electrophysiological signatures of excitatory-inhibitory imbalance and network reorganization during visual hallucinations.

Saalmann YB*, Ly R*, Pinsk MA, Kastner S (preprint) Pulvinar influences delay activity in parietal cortex and information transmission between dorsal and ventral visual cortex in macaques. bioRxiv (*denotes equal contributions).


Whyte CJ*, Redinbaugh MJ*, Shine JM*, Saalmann YB* (2024) Thalamic contributions to the state and contents of consciousness. Neuron 112: 1611-1625 (*denotes equal contributions)

Redinbaugh MJ, Saalmann YB (2024) Contributions of basal ganglia circuits to perception, attention and consciousness. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience.


Müller RJ, Munn BR, Redinbaugh MJ, Lizier J, Breakspear M, Saalmann YB, Shine JM (2023) The non-specific matrix thalamus facilitates the cortical information processing modes relevant for conscious awareness. Cell Reports 42: 112844.

Casey C, Tanabe S, Farahbakhsh Z, Parker M, Bo A, White M, Ballweg T, Mcintosh A, Filbey W, Banks MI, Saalmann YB, Pearce RA, Sanders RD (2023) Evaluating Putative Signatures of Consciousness in Anesthesia and Sleep Using Specific Definitions of Responsiveness, Connectedness and Consciousness. British Journal of Anaesthesia doi: 10.1016/j.bja.2023.09.031

Wehrman JJ, Casey CP, Tanabe S, Mohanta S, Filbey W, Weber L, Banks MI, Lennertz R, Pearce RA, Saalmann YB, Sanders RD (2023) Sub-anaesthetic ketamine reduces, but does not obliviate, predictive coding responses: Implications for theories of sensory disconnection. British Journal of Anaesthesia 131: 705-714.

Butler K, Cleveland D, Mikell CB, Mofakham S, Saalmann YB, Djurić PM (2023) An approach to learning the hierarchical organization of the frontal lobe. EUSIPCO 1410-1414 doi: 10.23919/EUSIPCO58844.2023.10290052

Theresa C, Gammel LN, Alkadaa JR, Saadon SS, Chuan H, Saalmann YB, Mofakham S, Mikell CB (2023) Brain circuitry of consciousness: a review of current models and a novel synergistic model with clinical application. Neurosurgery Practice 4(2):e00031.


Saalmann YB, Mofakham S, Mikell CB, Djurić PM (2022) Microscale multicircuit brain stimulation: achieving real-time brain state control for novel applications. Current Research in Neurobiology 4: 100071.

Casey C, Tanabe S, Farahbakhsh Z, Parker M, Bo A, White M, Ballweg T, Mcintosh A, Filbey W, Banks M, Saalmann YB, Pearce R, Sanders RD (2022) Dynamic causal modelling of auditory surprise during disconnected consciousness. NeuroImage 263: 119657.

Redinbaugh MJ, Afrasiabi M, Phillips JM, Kambi NA, Mohanta S, Raz A, Saalmann YB (2022) Thalamic deep brain stimulation paradigm to reduce consciousness: cortico-striatal dynamics implicated in mechanisms of consciousness. PLOS Computational Biology 18: e1010294.

Casey C, Tanabe S, Farahbakhsh Z, Parker M, Bo A, White M, Ballweg T, Mcintosh A, Filbey W, Saalmann YB, Pearce R, Sanders RD (2022) Distinct EEG Signatures Differentiate Unconsciousness and Disconnection During Anaesthesia and Sleep. British Journal of Anaesthesia 128: 1006-1018.


Mohanta S, Afrasiabi M, Casey C, Tanabe S, Redinbaugh MJ, Kambi NA, Phillips JM, Polyakov D, Filbey W, Austerweil JL, Sanders RD, Saalmann YB (2021) Predictive feedback, early sensory representations and fast responses to predicted stimuli depend on NMDA receptors. Journal of Neuroscience 41: 10130-10147.

Phillips JM, Kambi NA, Redinbaugh MJ, Mohanta S, Saalmann YB (2021) Disentangling the influences of multiple thalamic nuclei on prefrontal cortex and cognitive control. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 128: 487-510.

Rodionova EI, Kastner S, Krueger JM, Saalmann YB, Luthi A, Nobili L, Kovalzon VM, Vyazovskiy VV (2021) In memoriam: Professor Ivan Pigarev. Journal of Sleep Research e13492.

Levichkina E, Kermani M, Saalmann YB, Vidyasagar TR (2021) Dynamics of coherent activity between cortical areas defines a two-stage process of top-down attention. Experimental Brain Research 239: 2767-2779.

Afrasiabi M*, Redinbaugh MJ*, Phillips JM, Kambi NA, Mohanta S, Raz A, Haun AM, Saalmann YB (2021) Consciousness depends on integration between parietal cortex, striatum and thalamus. Cell Systems 12: 363-373 (*denotes equal contributions).

Sanders RD, Casey C, Saalmann YB (2021) Predictive coding as a model of sensory disconnection: relevance to anaesthetic mechanisms. British Journal of Anaesthesia 126: 37-40.


Redinbaugh MJ, Phillips JM, Kambi NA, Mohanta S, Andryk S, Dooley GL, Afrasiabi M, Raz A, Saalmann YB (2020) Thalamus modulates consciousness via layer-specific control of cortex. Neuron 106: 66-75.


Phillips JM, Fish LR, Kambi NA, Redinbaugh MJ, Mohanta S, Kecskemeti SR, Saalmann YB (2019) Topographic organization of connections between prefrontal cortex and mediodorsal thalamus: Evidence for a general principle of indirect thalamic pathways between directly connected cortical areas. NeuroImage 189: 832-846.

Martin AB, Yang X, Saalmann YB, Wang L, Shestyuk A, Lin J, Parvizi J, Knight RT, Kastner S (2019) Temporal dynamics and response modulation across the human visual system in a spatial attention task: an ECoG study. Journal of Neuroscience 39: 333-352.


Li Y, Hu X, Yu Y, Zhao K, Saalmann YB, Wang L (2017) Feedback from human posterior parietal cortex enables visuo-spatial category representations as early as primary visual cortex. Brain and Behavior 8: e00886.

Levichkina E, Saalmann YB, Vidyasagar TR (2017) Coding of spatial attention priorities and object features in the macaque lateral intraparietal cortex. Physiological Reports 5: e13136.


Phillips JM*, Kambi NA*, Saalmann YB (2016) A subcortical pathway for rapid, goal-driven, attentional filtering. Trends in Neurosciences 39: 49-51 (*denotes equal contributions).

Foster BL, He BJ, Honey CJ, Jerbi K, Maier A, Saalmann YB (2016) Spontaneous neural dynamics and multi-scale network organization. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience 10: 7.


Saalmann YB, Kastner S (2015) The cognitive thalamus. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience 9: 39.


Saalmann YB (2014) Intralaminar and medial thalamic influence on cortical synchrony, information transmission and cognition. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience 8: 83.


Szczepanski SM, Pinsk MA, Douglas MM, Kastner S, Saalmann YB (2013) Functional and structural architecture of the human dorsal frontoparietal attention network. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 110: 15806-15811.

Szczepanski SM, Saalmann YB (2013) Human fronto-parietal and parieto-hippocampal pathways represent behavioral priorities in multiple spatial reference frames. BioArchitecture 3: 1-5.

Fiebelkorn IC, Saalmann YB, Kastner S (2013) Rhythmic sampling within and between objects despite sustained attention at a cued location. Current Biology 23: 2553-2558.

Saalmann YB, Kastner S (2013) A role for the pulvinar in social cognition. European Journal of Neuroscience 37: 33-34.


Wang L*, Saalmann YB*, Pinsk MA, Arcaro MJ, Kastner S (2012) Electrophysiological low-frequency coherence and cross-frequency coupling contributes to BOLD connectivity. Neuron 76: 1010-1020 (*denotes equal contributions).

Saalmann YB, Pinsk MA, Wang L, Li X, Kastner S (2012) The pulvinar regulates information transmission between cortical areas based on attention demands. Science 337: 753-756.


Saalmann YB, Kastner S (2011) Cognitive and perceptual functions of the visual thalamus. Neuron 71: 209-223.


Saalmann YB, Kastner S (2009) Gain control in the visual thalamus during perception and cognition. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 19: 408-414.

Roy S, Jayakumar J, Martin PR, Dreher B, Saalmann YB, Hu D, Vidyasagar TR (2009) Segregation of short-wavelength sensitive (S) cone signals in the macaque dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus. European Journal of Neuroscience 30: 1517-1526.

Pigarev IN, Saalmann YB, Vidyasagar TR (2009) A minimally invasive and reversible system for chronic recordings from multiple brain sites in macaque monkeys. Journal of Neuroscience Methods 181: 151-158.


Saalmann YB, Pigarev IN, Vidyasagar TR (2007) Neural mechanisms of visual attention: how top-down feedback highlights relevant locations. Science 316: 1612-1615.

Saalmann YB, Kirkcaldie MTK, Waldron S, Calford MB (2007) Cellular Distribution of the GABAA Receptor-Modulating 3alpha-Hydroxy,5alpha-Reduced Pregnane Steroids in the Adult Rat Brain. Journal of Neuroendocrinology 19: 272-284 (featured cover article).


Saalmann YB, Morgan IG, Calford MB (2006) Neurosteroids involved in regulating inhibition in the inferior colliculus. Journal of Neurophysiology 96: 3064-3073.

Neuroscience Edited Volumes

Saalmann YB, Kastner S, editors (2015) The cognitive thalamus. E-book published by Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience.

Neuroscience Book Chapters

Halassa MM, Saalmann YB (2023) The mediodorsal thalamus and decision making – in The Cerebral Cortex and Thalamus (Ed. Usrey WM, Sherman SM) Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Saalmann YB, Kastner S (2014) Neural mechanisms of spatial attention in the visual thalamus – in The Oxford handbook of attention (Ed. Nobre AC, Kastner S) Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Kastner S, Saalmann YB, Schneider KA (2012) Thalamic control of visual attention – in Neuroscience of attention (Ed. Mangun GR) Oxford University Press, New York.

Saalmann YB, Calford MB (2008) Pregnane steroids and short-term neural plasticity – in Neuroactive steroids in brain function, behavioral and neuropsychiatric disorders (Ed. Ritsner MS, Weizman A) Springer, Heidelberg.

Calford MB, Saalmann YB (1998) Inhibition and inhibitory plasticity in the mammalian auditory midbrain – in Central auditory processing and neural modeling (Ed. Poon PW, Brugge JF) Plenum Press, New York.

Socio-Legal Articles

McPherson M, Horowitz LS, Lusher D, Di Giglio S, Greenacre LE, Saalmann YB (2011) Marginal women, marginal rights: impediments to gender-based persecution claims by asylum-seeking women in Australia. Journal of Refugee Studies 24: 323-347.

Horowitz LS, McPherson M, Saalmann YB (2011) Removing barriers to the emergence and assessment of claims of gender-based persecution by asylum seekers in Australia. Journal of Refugee Studies 24: 349-350.